The symptoms of this condition are easily identifiable. In the beginning, the disease will manifest itself by discomfort or stiffness in the joints, especially upon awakening or after a period of long inactivity. The base of the finger becomes tender and it sometimes forms thickening (nodule) on the tendon. Then there is resistance that is felt during flexion and extension movements. The release is often accompanied by a painful "pop" or clicking sound. Over time, the limitations get worse and you begin to start using the help of your other hand to unfold the finger. The thumb, the middle finger and the ring finger are the most frequently affected fingers, and several fingers may be affected at the same time. In some cases, the disease can affect both hands simultaneously. The locking up of your fingers can cause pain.
The trigger finger is caused by inflammation of the tendon flexors. This reaction occurs when there is thickening of the sheath in which these tendons slip. The origin of the inflammation can be mechanical and can be the result from a forced or repetitive movement from manual labour. We find Trigger Finger most commonly in professions such as manufacturing workers, those working mostly on keyboards, farmers or musicians. Certain medical conditions like diabetes, hypothyroidism, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome or De Quervain Tendonitis are also commonly associated with this diagnosis. Women are typically more often affected than men and the disease generally occurs in people between the ages of 40 and 60 years old.
It is important not to delay medical treatment. If not treated, Trigger Finger can cause permanent stiffness. Fortunately, there are several effective treatment options, including endoscopic decompression, which is a minimally invasive surgical technique that provides prompt relief from symptoms and a rapid return to normal life.